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The Monotype Chronicles
1942 – 1953


1942

1942

W. I. Burch, Managing Director of the Monotype Corporation Ltd., died on 3 September. He was succeeded by H. L. Buckle.

Illustration shows Eric Gill guiding the hand of W. I. Birch, 1929.

Lord Askwith died on 2 June. He had been appointed to the Board of Directors of the Monotype Corporation in 1898 and became Chairman in 1926.

1943
Monotype Technical Bulletin first issued and ran to November 1967 when the name changed to Monotype Bulletin and appeared until August 1973.

1944
First patent applications by René Higonnet and Louis Moyroud leading ultimately to development of the Photon (Lumitype) machine which established the broad technical principles for second-generation (electro-photomechanical) phototypesetting – as distinct from first-generation phototypesetting founded on adaptations of hot-metal mechanical equipment like the Monophoto Filmsetter.

1945
Stanley Morison appointed editor of The Times Literary Supplement.

1946
Alternate Gothic Italic No. 2 by Sol Hess.

US Government Printing Office in Washington installed an Intertype Fotosetter, a first-generation phototypesetter based on the operating principles of a line-caster.

1947
Frederic W. Goudy died on 11 May.

1948
E. Silcock appointed Managing Director of the Monotype Corporation on the retirement of H. L. Buckle.

1951

1944

The Monotype Corporation Ltd. began research on the project that eventually brought forth the Monophoto Filmsetter. It was to remain an entirely British development.

John C. Tarr retired as Head of the Type Drawing Office at Salfords to be succeeded by John Goulding, who later became Typographical Manager in 1965.

Monotype Discussion Groups were established for keyboard and caster operators throughout the United Kingdom.

1952
Experimental versions of the Monophoto Filmsetter demonstrated to selected confidants. It was based on the traditional Monotype composing machines comprising a keyboard for producing a punched paper spool with 31 channels and a caster adapted for the photographic exposure of text.

E. Silcock, the general manager of the Monotype Corporation Ltd., wrote in the Penrose Annual that the Monophoto Filmsetter had ‘emerged from years of testing and development to the level where it can now be placed in commercial operation’.

1953
Sol Hess died.

Sir George Harvie-Watt became Chairman of the Monotype Corporation Ltd. having been Deputy Chairmen for some time.

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