The Monotype Chronicles
Lanston Industries Inc. bought Unitronics Inc., a manufacturer of photomechanical equipment for graphic reproduction.
Lanston Monotype Machine Company sold building in Philadelphia to the National Publishing Company and re-located to Downingtown, Pennsylvania.
Carl C. Sorenson elected President of Lanston Industries.
Theodore H. Maiman first generated a laser beam at the Hughes Laboratory in Malibu.
Michael Barnett headed a group at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology that successfully programmed a digital computer to drive a phototypesetting machine (a Photon 200).
Varigear attachment for Monotype Caster enabling running speeds between 40 to 180 revolutions per minute to be selected for the composition of type from 4.25 to 24 point and the production of strip materials up to 6 point.
Monotype Photolettering Machine, a manually-operated device for the setting of displayed jobbing work. Characters were selected by a dialling action from a font of 100 sorts. Often served as a complement to the Monophoto Filmsetter.
Horace Hart elected President of the Lanston Monotype Machine Company in the USA.
Compugraphic Corporation released the Linasec special-purpose typesetting computer outputting TTS tapes for the control of line-casters.
In a role reversal, the Lanston Monotype Machine Company began to import machines manufactured entirely in the United Kingdom.
Monotype Paper Tape Conversion Unit for: reading narrow binary-coded computer-generated tapes processed by a text composition program; translating the binary signals into co-ordinate codes; and for punching out the results as 31-channel paper spools to control Monotype and Monophoto machines. The converter established a link between digital computers and Monotype equipment.
Both Monotype companies in the UK and USA took on distribution of the Swiss-engineered GSA Computer Typesetting System: the initials standing for Guttinger Satz Automation. It was a special-purpose approach with the text composition routines wired into the hardware, as distinct from a general-purpose computer running specific software programs.
Security Columbian Banknote Company merged with Lanston Industries Inc. of which the Lanston Monotype Machine Company formed a part.
Dr.-Ing. Rudolf Hell announced the Digiset phototypesetter, the first to use digitized fonts for image generation on an output cathode ray tube (CRT). The fonts were stored using compressed run-length coding. The machine marked the beginning of CRT typesetting and was joined shortly afterwards (in 1967) by Linotypes more popular Linotron 505.
Digital Equipment Corporation announced the PDP-8 minicomputer which became the central processing unit for many early electronic typesetting systems.
Varigear attachment applied to Monotype Super Caster.
London warehouse at Rosebery Avenue closed.
Monomatic II machine announced as an improvement on the earlier model, the primary innovation being the division of the matrix case into quadrants each containing a type style in upper case and lower case and consequentially rationalizing operational mechanical movements.
Fleet Titling (Series 632) by John Peters.
Monotype Electronic Perforator providing automatic line justification from a single keystroke and consequentially greater productivity when preparing 31-channel spools. On the forerunning Monotype Model D Keyboard, the operator was obliged to read a justification drum as a prelude to pressing the justifying keybuttons signified.
Monophoto Filmsetter Mark 4 accommodating an enlarged photo-matrix case of 340 characters and spaces arranged in 17 x 20 rows, instead of the foregoing 272 characters organized in 16 x 17 rows.
Factory at Salfords stopped making the Thompson Type Caster.
Stanley Morison died on 11 October.
Southwark Offset Ltd. in London used a video display monitor for correcting typographic text: the unit was the Cossor CoSprite. It was followed quickly by other comparable systems in the USA, notably the Hendrix 5102FD (1969) and the Harris 1100 (1970).
Monophoto 600 Filmsetter, the first electronic text output device to be produced by the Monotype Corporation Ltd. Fonts were stored on four photo-matrix discs with 100 characters apiece (400 in aggregate) supplemented by a carousel of 200 pi-sorts in the form of 35 mm slides. Completing the system was the Monophoto 600 Tape Perforator providing 8-channel justified tape.
Monotype Studio-lettering Machine founded on working principles not dissimilar to a photographic enlarger and imaging from a photo-matrix disc. Hand-operated and intended for setting displayed lines.
Lanston Monotype Machine Company liquidated: the matrix-making equipment and artifacts passed to the American Type Founders Company and into an uncaring custodianship.
Beatrice Warde died on 14 September.
Intertype Corporation discontinued manufacture of line-casters in the USA and centralized the declining activity in the UK.
International Typeface Corporation (ITC) established in New York for licensing the use of specially commissioned type designs to manufacturers of composition machinery and others subscribing to the service.
Mergenthaler Linotype Company terminated production of hot-metal line-casters in the USA. Some 90,000 units had emerged from the American factory. Manufacture of the machines continued in Germany and the UK.
Digital Equipment Corporation released the PDP-11 computer which served as the hub for many clustered multi-terminal composition systems.