Vous êtes ici : Monotype Corporation: an history > The Monotype Chronicles by Lawrence W. Wallis > 1917 - 1925
 
The First European Monotype University, Geneva, Swiss, 13-20 june 2004     
  Participants
  Report 2004

About the caster     
  Here is text about caster description

History of computer to caster     
  MacMono Interface

John Cornelisse’s Computer to caster interface     
  Description

John’s Cornelisse COMPUTER2CASTER diary     

Monotype Corporation: an history     
  The Monotype Chronicles by Lawrence W. Wallis

Monotype Special sorts and Unicode     
  How to bring Monotype special sorts in the Unicode system ?

The Monotype system     
  Monotype specimen book
  Monotype units

KEY EVENTS IN MONOTYPE’S HISTORY: PEOPLE, TECHNOLOGY, TYPEFACES,

1917 - 1925

©2003 AGFA MONOTYPE Saturday January 10th, 2004, par Andréas Schweizer


1923-- Stanley Morison appointed Typographical Adviser to the Lanston Monotype Corporation Ltd. in London, an association invoking the issue of a remarkable succession of typefaces.

Cochin (Series 165).

Monotype Baskerville (Series 169).

Poliphilus (Series 170) and Blado Italic (Series 119).

Monotype registered as a trademark in Britain after rejection by the authorities in 1907.

Lanston Monotype Machine Company of Philadelphia produced the Monotype Material Maker, a machine for casting leads, rules and other composing-room materials, but not type.

The Fleuron: a Journal of Typography first appeared. It ran to seven issues through to 1930. Oliver Simon edited the initial four numbers printed at the Curwen Press in London, while Stanley Morison edited the last three numbers produced at the Cambridge University Press.

1917 - Harry J. C. Cust, a founding director of the Monotype Corporation Ltd. and formerly editor of the Pall Mall Gazette, died. He was an original member of Lord Dunraven’s syndicate that brought the Monotype system to the British market.

Elrod Strip Caster invented by Benjamin S. Elrod who established the first Linotype tradesetting house west of the Mississippi River.

1918 - Intertype Corporation received an order for 31 linecasters from the New York Times.

1919 - Monotype companies adopted the Anglo-American point system.

1920 - Frederic W. Goudy appointed Art Director of the Lanston Monotype Machine Company of Philadelphia following the death of Joseph Hays (Typographic Manager) on 18 May.

Monotype School in London moved to Dean Street.

1921 - Garamont (Series 248) by Frederic W. Goudy. Cut by Robert Wiebking. It predated the Garamond (Series 156) produced by the British arm of Monotype. They are very different faces.

George W. Jones appointed printing adviser to Linotype & Machinery Ltd. in Britain. He initiated a number of distinguished typefaces for line-casting.

1922 - Monotype Garamond (Series 156), the first of the celebrated revivals.

Sol Hess appointed Typographic Manager of the Lanston Monotype Machine Company after joining the firm in 1902.

Planning commenced for the manufacture of complete keyboards and casters at the Salfords factory with E. Silcock (later General Manager of the Corporation) in charge of the task.

American Courts upheld a complaint by the Lanston Monotype Machine Company that the Elrod Strip Caster infringed its patent 7202 of 1915. In London the Express Newspaper Ltd. agreed to pay the Lanston Monotype Corporation Ltd. royalties for continued use of the Elrod machine. The dispute was settled more formally in 1925 between the two principal companies.

Harvard University Press published the two volumes on Printing Types theirhistory, forms, and use: a study in survivals by Daniel Berkeley Updike, the founder of the Merrymount Press in 1893.

1924 - Italian Old Style (Series 243) by Frederic W. Goudy. Cut by Robert Wiebking. Not to be confused with Series 108 of the same name as produced by Monotype in Britain for the publisher J. M. Dent soon after the First World War.

Dotted rule mould for the Monotype Caster.

First Monotype machines manufactured wholly in Britain were marketed.

Harold M. Duncan, the Managing Director of the Lanston Monotype Corporation Ltd., died.

William Isaac Burch appointed Managing Director of the Lanston Monotype Corporation Ltd. He had been elected Company Secretary in March 1898 and joined the Board in 1917.

J. Maury Dove, President of the Lanston Monotype Machine Company, died. He was succeeded by Harvey Best.

Double Crown Club founded by Oliver Simon, Holbrook Jackson, and Hubert Foss: a dining club for select participants in the graphic arts.

1925 - Fournier (Series 185).

Goudy Heavy Face (Series 380) by Frederic W. Goudy. Cut by Robert Wiebking. Designed at therequest of Harvey Best, President of the Lanston Monotype Machine Company.

Extended die-case for Monotype Casters which bolstered the number of individual matrices accommodated from 225 to 255 in a grid of 15 ¥ 17 rows, instead of 15 x 15 as previously. It was not adopted in the USA until 1946.

Three-unit justification attachment for Monotype composing machines encouraging closer word spacing of text.

Extension of maximum line length to 90 ems of set on Monotype machines.

Monotype Giant Caster produced in Philadelphia for casting sorts from 42 to 72 point, as well as strip materials. M. C. Indahl, the Chief Engineer of the Lanston Monotype Machine Company, has been credited with the development.

The Lord’s Prayer engraved on a 12-point em-square punch. Casts were made from the subsequent Monotype matrices and given away as keepsakes by the Corporation. They were much prized by recipients over a succession of years into the 1970s.

Mergenthaler Linotype Company introduced the Ionic typeface for newspaper composition. Within 18 months of release, the design had been adopted by 3000 publications.

Herbert Bayer started a typography workshop at the Bauhaus School in Dessau under Walter Gropius.

To showcase Monotype’s mechanical engineering prowess, in 1925 at the UK Monotype Works, the full text of the "Lord’s Prayer" was cut in a matrix less than a quarter of an inch square, from which hot metal type was cast that was still readable. The project started from a 10 inch square drawing and copper outline pattern; a punchcutting machine made a 12 point em square punch from the large pattern. A casting matrix was made from the punch, and then type was cast on a Monotype Composition Caster.


Postcriptum


Notes


Dans la même rubrique :
1934 - 1941
1954 - 1959
1844 - 1894
1942 - 1953
1960 - 1970
1896 - 1906
1926 - 1933
1907 - 1916



Wednesday April 26th, 2017
Mail us! | Site Map | Home Computer to Caster | Newsgroup | Admin

Association pour le Patrimoine Industriel - Association Lettres et Images - Imprimerie des Arts